Is formed out of erstwhile Khammam district. The district shares boundaries with Bhoopalapalle, Mahabubabad, Khammam districts and the states of AP and Chattisgarh.The district comprises 23 mandals and 2 revenue divisions Kothagudem and Bhadrachalam. The district headquarters is located at Kothagudem town. Kothagudem is well connected through Bhadrachalam Road railway station. There are bus services from Kothagudem to all important cities in Telangana and the other neighbouring districts. The district has two bus depots at Kothagudem and Bhadrachalam.
Kothagudem district having Major industries like -The Singareni Collieries Company Limited (SCCL), a Government coal mining company jointly owned by the Government of Telangana and Government of India, has its headquarters in Kothagudem. 2. Kothagudem Thermal Power Station,which located in Palvoncha is one of the coal based power plants of Telangana Power Generation Corporation Limited (TSGENCO) , ITC- Paperboards and Specialty Papers Division (ITC-PSPD) located at Sarapaka village near Bhadrachalam.
Kothagudem district has the largest area under Forests. Area spreads over Bhadrachalam, Manuguru, Bergampahad, Kothagudem, and Yellandu. Important forest produce are teak, bamboo, eucalyptus, beedi leaves, honey, tamarind, nux vomica etc.
The University College of Engineering, Kakatiya University (KUCE), formerly known as the Kothagudem School of Mines(KSM) is the first mining college in Telangana and the second in India.The Government Polytechnic Kothagudem (Formerly Government Mining Institute) was established in 1957 at Kothagudem Collieries to promote the Technical Education.
There are many places of interest in Kothagudem such as
Bhadrachalam, a key town of pilgrimage importance, is located in Kothagudem district. The temple town of Bhadrachalam is situated on the banks of Godavari River. The town shares its historical significance with Ramayana Era. The name Bhadrachalam is derived from the word Bhadragiri (The Mountain Abode of Bhadra, the child of Meru and Menaka). The famous temple at Bhadrachalam is home to the Archa Murthys of Rama, Sita and Lakshmana and their idols are believed to be swayambhu i.e. self-manifested ones.
The Kinnerasani project or the Dam is a storage reservoir constructed on the Kinnerasani River in the Godavari Basin at Yanamboil village of Palvoncha mandal. Kinnerasani River is an important tributary of the river Godavari. The scenic beauty created by the landscape along the Kinnerasani River is a panoramic one abutted by lush green landscape. The Kinnerasani sanctuary, a part of the Dandakaranya Forests, is a haven of exotic wildlife and tourists enjoy their visit here by spotting several animals in their natural habitat.
Parnashala, a popular tourist place, is a village in the Dummugudem mandal. It is said to be the place where the evil-minded king Ravana abducted Goddess Sita. This place unfolds this part of the epic Ramayana by exhibiting the primary events with beautifully canvassed sculptures of Shri Ram, Sita, Laxman, and Ravan.